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Linux Bible, 9ed

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Buy Online at low price from Helmet Don-Linux Bible, 9ed by Christopher Negus Publisher: Wiley; Nineth edition (28 May 2015) ISBN-13: 978-8126555857 Language: English Paperback: 912 pagesLinux Bible, 9th Edition is the ultimate hands-on Linux user guide, whether you're a true beginner or a more advanced user navigating recent changes. This updated ninth edition covers the latest versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 (RHEL 7), Fedora 21 and Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and includes new information on cloud computing and development with guidance on Openstack and Cloudforms. With a focus on RHEL 7, this practical guide gets you up to speed quickly on the new enhancements for enterprise-quality file systems, the new boot process and services management, firewalld, and the GNOME 3 desktop. Written by a Red Hat expert. Special Features ·Get Linux up and running quickly ·Master basic operations and tackle more advanced tasks ·Get up to date on the recent changes to Linux server system management ·Bring Linux to the cloud using Openstack and Cloudforms ·Linux Bible, 9th Edition is the one resource you need and provides the hands-on training that gets you on track in a flash. Table of Content Acknowledgments Introduction  Part I: Getting Started Chapter 1: Starting with Linux ·Understanding What Linux Is  ·Understanding How Linux Differs from Other Operating Systems  ·Exploring Linux History ·Free-flowing UNIX culture at Bell Labs ·Commercialized UNIX  ·Berkeley Software Distribution arrives  ·UNIX Laboratory and commercialization  ·GNU transitions UNIX to freedom ·BSD loses some steam  ·Linus builds the missing piece  ·OSI open source definition  ·Understanding How Linux Distributions Emerged  ·Choosing a Red Hat distribution  ·Using Red Hat Enterprise Linux  ·Using Fedora ·Choosing Ubuntu or another Debian distribution  ·Finding Professional Opportunities with Linux Today  ·Understanding how companies make money with Linux  ·Becoming Red Hat certified  ·RHCSA topics  ·RHCE topics  Chapter 2: Creating the Perfect Linux Desktop ·Understanding Linux Desktop Technology  ·Starting with the Fedora GNOME Desktop Live image  ·Using the GNOME 3 Desktop  ·After the computer boots up  ·Navigating with the mouse  ·Navigating with the keyboard  ·Setting up the GNOME 3 desktop ·Extending the GNOME 3 desktop  ·Using GNOME shell extensions  ·Using the GNOME Tweak Tool  ·Starting with desktop applications  ·Managing files and folders with Nautilus  ·Installing and managing additional software  ·Playing music with Rhythmbox  ·Stopping the GNOME 3 desktop  ·Using the GNOME 2 Desktop ·Using the Metacity window manager  ·Changing GNOME's appearance  ·Using the GNOME panels  ·Using the Applications and System menus  ·Adding an applet  ·Adding another panel  ·Adding an application launcher  ·Adding a drawer  ·Changing panel properties  ·Adding 3D effects with AIGLX  Part II: Becoming a Linux Power User Chapter 3: Using the Shell   ·About Shells and Terminal Windows  ·Using the shell prompt  ·Using a terminal window  ·Using virtual consoles  ·Choosing Your Shell  ·Running Commands  ·Understanding command syntax  ·Locating commands ·Recalling Commands Using Command History ·Command-line editing  ·Command-line completion  ·Command-line recall  ·Connecting and Expanding Commands  ·Piping between commands  ·Sequential commands  ·Background commands  ·Expanding commands  ·Expanding arithmetic expressions  ·Expanding variables  ·Using Shell Variables  ·Creating and using aliases  ·Exiting the shell  ·Creating Your Shell Environment  ·Configuring your shell  ·Setting your prompt  ·Adding environment variables  ·Getting Information about Commands  Chapter 4: Moving around the File system  ·Using Basic File system Commands ·Using Metacharacters and Operators ·Using file-matching metacharacters ·Using file-redirection metacharacters ·Using brace expansion characters ·Listing Files and Directories ·Understanding File Permissions and Ownership ·Changing permissions with chmod (numbers)  ·Changing permissions with chmod (letters)  ·Setting default file permission with umask ·Changing file ownership ·Moving, Copying and Removing Files Chapter 5: Working with Text Files ·Editing Files with vim and vi  ·Starting with vi ·Adding text ·Moving around in the text ·Deleting, copying, and changing text ·Pasting (putting) text ·Repeating commands ·Exiting vi ·Skipping around in the file ·Searching for text ·Using ex mode ·Learning more about vi and vim ·Finding Files ·Using locate to find files by name ·Searching for files with find ·Finding files by name ·Finding files by size ·Finding files by user ·Finding files by permission ·Finding files by date and time ·Using €˜not' and €˜or' when finding files ·Finding files and executing commands ·Searching in files with grep Chapter 6: Managing Running Processes  ·Understanding Processes ·Listing Processes ·Listing processes with ps ·Listing and changing processes with top ·Listing processes with System Monitor ·Managing Background and Foreground Processes ·Starting background processes ·Using foreground and background commands ·Killing and Renicing Processes ·Killing processes with kill and killall ·Using kill to signal processes by PID ·Using killall to signal processes by name ·Setting processor priority with nice and renice ·Limiting Processes with cgroups Chapter 7: Writing Simple Shell Scripts  ·Understanding Shell Scripts ·Executing and debugging shell scripts ·Understanding shell variables ·Special shell positional parameters ·Reading in parameters ·Parameter expansion in bash ·Performing arithmetic in shell scripts ·Using programming constructs in shell scripts ·The "if...then" statements ·The case command ·The "for...do" loop ·The "while...do" and "until...do" loops ·Trying some useful text manipulation programs ·The general regular expression parser ·Remove sections of lines of text (cut) ·Translate or delete characters (tr) ·The stream editor (sed) ·Using simple shell scripts ·Telephone list ·Backup script Part III: Becoming a Linux System Administrator Chapter 8: Learning System Administration  ·Understanding System Administration ·Using Graphical Administration Tools ·Using system-confi g-* tools ·Using browser-based admin tools ·Using the root user account ·Becoming root from the shell (su command) ·Allowing administrative access via the GUI ·Gaining administrative access with sudo ·Exploring Administrative Commands, Configuration Files and Log Files ·Administrative commands ·Administrative configuration files ·Administrative log files and systemd journal ·Using journalctl to view the systemd journal ·Managing log messages with rsyslogd ·Using Other Administrative Accounts ·Checking and Confi guring Hardware ·Checking your hardware ·Managing removable hardware ·Working with loadable modules ·Listing loaded modules ·Loading modules ·Removing modules Chapter 9: Installing Linux x ·Choosing a Computer ·Installing Fedora from Live media ·Installing Red Hat Enterprise Linux from Installation Media ·Understanding Cloud-Based Installations ·Installing Linux in the Enterprise ·Exploring Common Installation Topics ·Upgrading or installing from scratch ·Dual booting ·Installing Linux to run virtually ·Using installation boot options ·Boot options for disabling features ·Boot options for video problems ·Boot options for special installation types ·Boot options for kick starts and remote repositories ·Miscellaneous boot options ·Using specialized storage ·Partitioning hard drives ·Understanding different partition types ·Reasons for different partitioning schemes ·Tips for creating partitions ·Using the GRUB boot loader ·Using GRUB Legacy (version 1) ·Using GRUB 2 Chapter 10: Getting and Managing Software ·Managing Software on the Desktop ·Going Beyond the Software Window ·Understanding Linux RPM and DEB Software Packaging ·Understanding DEB packaging ·Understanding RPM packaging ·What is in an RPM? ·Where do RPMs come from? ·Installing RPMs ·Managing RPM Packages with YUM ·Understanding how yum works ·1 Checking /etc/yumconf ·2 Checking /etc/sysconfi g/rhn/up2date (RHEL only) ·3 Checking /etc/yumreposd/*repo files ·4 Downloading RPM packages and metadata from a YUM repository ·5 RPM packages installed to Linux fi le system ·6 Store YUM repository metadata to local RPM database ·Using YUM with third-party software repositories ·Managing software with the YUM command ·Searching for packages ·Installing and removing packages ·Updating packages ·Updating groups of packages ·Maintaining your RPM package database and cache ·Downloading RPMs from a yum repository ·Installing, Querying, and Verifying Software with the rpm Command ·Installing and removing packages with rpm ·Querying rpm information ·Verifying RPM packages ·Managing Software in the Enterprise Chapter 11: Managing User Accounts  ·Creating User Accounts ·Adding users with useradd ·Setting user defaults ·Modifying users with usermod ·Deleting users with userdel ·Understanding Group Accounts ·Using group accounts ·Creating group accounts ·Managing Users in the Enterprise ·Setting permissions with Access Control Lists ·Setting ACLs with setfacl ·Setting default ACLs ·Enabling ACLs ·Adding directories for users to collaborate ·Creating group collaboration directories (set GID bit) ·Creating restricted deletion directories (sticky bit) ·Centralizing User Accounts ·Using the Users window ·Using the Authentication Configuration window Chapter 12: Managing Disks and File systems ·Understanding Disk Storage ·Partitioning Hard Disks ·Understanding partition tables ·Viewing disk partitions ·Creating a single-partition disk ·Creating a multiple-partition disk ·Using Logical Volume Management Partitions ·Checking an existing LVM ·Creating LVM logical volumes ·Growing LVM logical volumes ·Mounting File systems ·Supported file systems ·Enabling swap areas ·Disabling a swap area ·Using the fstab file to define mountable file systems ·Using the mount command to mount file systems ·Mounting a disk image in loopback ·Using the umount command ·Using the mkfs Command to Create a File system Part IV: Becoming a Linux Server Administrator Chapter 13: Understanding Server Administration ·Starting with Server Administration ·Step 1: Install the server ·Step 2: Configure the server ·Using configuration files ·Checking the default configuration ·Step 3: Start the server ·Step 4: Secure the server ·Password protection ·Firewalls ·TCP Wrappers ·SELinux ·Security settings in configuration files ·Step 5: Monitor the server ·Configure logging ·Run system activity reports ·Keep system software up to date ·Check the file system for signs of crackers ·Managing Remote Access with the Secure Shell Service ·Starting the openssh-server service ·Using SSH client tools ·Using ssh for remote login ·Using ssh for remote execution ·Copying files between systems with scp and rsync ·Interactive copying with sftp ·Using key-based (passwordless) authentication ·Configuring System Logging ·Enabling system logging with rsyslog ·Understanding the rsyslogconf file ·Understanding the messages log file ·Setting up and using a loghost with rsyslogd ·Watching logs with logwatch ·Checking System Resources with sar ·Checking System Space ·Displaying system space with df ·Checking disk usage with du ·Finding disk consumption with find ·Managing Servers in the Enterprise Chapter 14: Administering Networking  ·Configuring Networking for Desktops ·Checking your network interfaces ·Checking your network from Network Manager ·Checking your network from the command line ·Configuring network interfaces ·Setting IP addresses manually ·Setting IP address aliases ·Setting routes ·Configuring a network proxy connection ·Configuring Networking from the Command Line ·Editing a connection ·Understanding networking configuration files ·Network interface files ·Other networking files ·Setting alias network interfaces ·Setting up Ethernet channel bonding ·Setting custom routes ·Configuring Networking in the Enterprise ·Configuring Linux as a router ·Configuring Linux as a DHCP server ·Configuring Linux as a DNS server ·Configuring Linux as a proxy server Chapter 15: Starting and Stopping Services ·Understanding the Initialization Daemon (init or systemd) ·Understanding the classic init daemons ·Understanding the Upstart init daemon ·Learning Upstart init daemon basics ·Learning Upstart's backward compatibility to SysVinit ·Understanding systemd initialization ·Learning systemd basics ·Learning systemd's backward compatibility to SysVinit ·Checking the Status of Services ·Checking services for SysVinit systems ·Checking services for Upstart systems ·Checking services for systemd systems ·Stopping and Starting Services ·Stopping and starting SysVinit services ·Stopping and starting Upstart services ·Stopping and starting systemd services ·Stopping a service with systemd ·Starting a service with systemd ·Restarting a service with systemd ·Reloading a service with systemd ·Enabling Persistent Services ·Configuring persistent services for SysVinit ·Configuring persistent services for Upstart ·Configuring persistent services for systemd ·Enabling a service with systemd ·Disabling a service with systemd  ·Configuring a Default Runlevel or Target Unit ·Configuring the SysVinit default runlevel ·Configuring the default runlevel in Upstart ·Configuring the default target unit for systemd ·Adding New or Customized Services ·Adding new services to SysVinit ·Step 1: Create a new or customized service script file ·Step 2: Add the service script to /etc/rcd/initd ·Step 3: Add the service to runlevel directories  ·Adding new services to Upstart  ·Adding new services to systemd ·Step 1: Create a new or customized service configuration unit file ·Step 2: Move the service configuration unit file ·Step 3: Add the service to the Wants directory Chapter 16: Configuring a Print Server ·Common UNIX Printing System ·Setting Up Printers ·Adding a printer automatically ·Using web-based CUPS administration ·Using the Print Settings window ·Configuring local printers with the Print Settings window ·Configuring remote printers ·Adding a remote CUPS printer ·Adding a remote UNIX (LDP/LPR) printer ·Adding a Windows (SMB) printer ·Working with CUPS Printing ·Configuring the CUPS server (cupsdconf) ·Starting the CUPS server ·Configuring CUPS printer options manually ·Using Printing Commands ·Printing with lpr ·Listing status with lpc ·Removing print jobs with lprm ·Configuring Print Servers ·Configuring a shared CUPS printer ·Configuring a shared Samba printer ·Understanding smbconf for printing  ·Setting up SMB clients Chapter 17: Configuring a Web Server  ·Understanding the Apache Web Server ·Getting and Installing Your Web Server ·Understanding the httpd package ·Installing Apache ·Starting Apache ·Securing Apache ·Apache file permissions and ownership ·Apache and iptables ·Apache and SELinux ·Understanding the Apache configuration files ·Using directives ·Understanding default settings ·Adding a virtual host to Apache ·Allowing users to publish their own web content ·Securing your web traffic with SSL/TLS ·Understanding how SSL is configured ·Generating an SSL key and self-signed certificate ·Generating a certificate signing request ·Troubleshooting Your Web Server ·Checking for configuration errors ·Accessing forbidden and server internal errors  Chapter 18: Configuring an FTP Server  ·Understanding FTP ·Installing the vsftpd FTP Server ·Starting the vsftpd Service ·Securing Your FTP Server ·Opening up your firewall for FTP ·Allowing FTP access in TCP wrappers ·Configuring SELinux for your FTP server ·Relating Linux file permissions to vsftpd ·Configuring Your FTP Server ·Setting up user access ·Allowing uploading ·Setting up vsftpd for the Internet ·Using FTP Clients to Connect to Your Server ·Accessing an FTP server from Firefox ·Accessing an FTP server with the lftp command ·Using the gFTP client Chapter 19: Configuring a Windows File Sharing (Samba) Server ·Understanding Samba ·Installing Samba ·Starting and Stopping Samba ·Starting the Samba (smb) service ·Starting the NetBIOS (nmbd) name server ·Stopping the Samba (smb) and NetBIOS (nmb) services ·Securing Samba ·Configuring firewalls for Samba ·Configuring SELinux for Samba ·Setting SELinux Booleans for Samba ·Setting SELinux fi le contexts for Samba ·Configuring Samba host/user permissions ·Configuring Samba  ·Using system-config-samba  ·Choosing Samba server settings  ·Confi guring Samba user accounts ·Creating a Samba shared folder ·Checking the Samba share  ·Configuring Samba in the smbconf file ·Configuring the [global] section ·Configuring the [homes] section ·Configuring the [printers] section ·Creating custom shared directories ·Accessing Samba Shares ·Accessing Samba shares in Linux ·Accessing Samba shares in Windows ·Using Samba in the Enterprise Chapter 20: Configuring an NFS File Server ·Installing an NFS Server ·Starting the NFS service ·Sharing NFS File systems ·Configuring the /etc/exports file ·Hostnames in /etc/exports ·Access options in /etc/exports ·User mapping options in /etc/exports ·Exporting the shared file systems ·Securing Your NFS Server ·Opening up your firewall for NFS ·Allowing NFS access in TCP wrappers ·Confi guring SELinux for your NFS server ·Using NFS Filesystems ·Viewing NFS shares ·Manually mounting an NFS file system ·Mounting an NFS file system at boot time ·Mounting noauto file systems ·Using mount options ·Using autofs to mount NFS file systems on demand ·Automounting to the /net directory ·Automounting home directories ·Unmounting NFS file systems Chapter 21: Troubleshooting Linux ·Boot-Up Troubleshooting ·Understanding Startup Methods ·Starting with System V init scripts ·Starting with systemd ·Starting with Upstart ·Starting from the firmware (BIOS or UEFI) ·Troubleshooting BIOS setup ·Troubleshooting boot order ·Troubleshooting the GRUB boot loader ·Starting the kernel ·Troubleshooting the initialization system ·Troubleshooting System V initialization ·Troubleshooting rcsysinit ·Troubleshooting runlevel processes ·Troubleshooting systemd initialization ·Troubleshooting Software Packages ·Fixing RPM databases and cache ·Troubleshooting Networking ·Troubleshooting outgoing connections ·View network interfaces  ·Check physical connections  ·Check routes ·Check hostname resolution ·Troubleshooting incoming connections ·Check if the client can reach your system at all ·Check if the service is available to the client ·Check the firewall on the server ·Check the service on the server ·Troubleshooting Memory ·Uncovering memory issues ·Checking for memory problems ·Dealing with memory problems ·Troubleshooting in Rescue Mode Part V: Learning Linux Security Techniques Chapter 22: Understanding Basic Linux Security ·Understanding Security Basics ·Implementing physical security ·Implementing disaster recovery ·Securing user accounts ·One user per user account ·Limit access to the root user account ·Setting expiration dates on temporary accounts ·Removing unused user accounts ·Securing passwords ·Choosing good passwords ·Setting and changing passwords ·Enforcing best password practices ·Understanding the password files and password hashes ·Securing the file system ·Managing dangerous file system permissions ·Securing the password files ·Locking down the file system ·Managing software and services ·Updating software packages ·Keeping up with security advisories ·Advanced implementation ·Monitoring Your Systems ·Monitoring log files ·Monitoring user accounts ·Detecting counterfeit new accounts and privileges ·Detecting bad account passwords ·Monitoring the file system ·Verifying software packages ·Scanning the file system ·Detecting viruses and rootkits ·Auditing and Reviewing Linux ·Conducting compliance reviews ·Conducting security reviews Chapter 23: Understanding Advanced Linux Security ·Implementing Linux Security with Cryptography ·Understanding hashing ·Understanding encryption/decryption ·Understanding cryptographic ciphers ·Understanding cryptographic cipher keys ·Understanding digital signatures ·Implementing Linux cryptography ·Ensuring file integrity ·Encrypting a Linux file system ·Encrypting a Linux directory ·Encrypting a Linux file ·Encrypting Linux with miscellaneous tools ·Using Encryption from the Desktop ·Implementing Linux Security with PAM ·Understanding the PAM authentication process ·Understanding PAM contexts ·Understanding PAM control flaags ·Understanding PAM modules ·Understanding PAM system event configuration files ·Administering PAM on your Linux system ·Managing PAM-aware application configuration files ·Managing PAM system event configuration files ·Implementing resources limits with PAM ·Implementing time restrictions with PAM ·Enforcing good passwords with PAM ·Encouraging sudo use with PAM ·Locking accounts with PAM ·Obtaining more information on PAM Chapter 24: Enhancing Linux Security with SELinux ·Understanding SELinux Benefits ·Understanding How SELinux Works ·Understanding type enforcement ·Understanding multi-level security ·Implementing SELinux security models ·Understanding SELinux operational modes ·Understanding SELinux security contexts ·Understanding SELinux policy types ·Understanding SELinux policy rule packages ·Configuring SELinux ·Setting the SELinux mode ·Setting the SELinux policy type ·Managing SELinux security contexts ·Managing the user security context ·Managing the file security context ·Managing the process security context ·Managing SELinux policy rule packages ·Managing SELinux via booleans ·Monitoring and Troubleshooting SELinux ·Understanding SELinux logging ·Reviewing SELinux messages in the audit log ·Reviewing SELinux messages in the messages log ·Troubleshooting SELinux logging ·Troubleshooting common SELinux problems ·Using a nonstandard directory for a service ·Using a nonstandard port for a service ·Moving files and losing security context labels ·Booleans set incorrectly ·Putting It All Together ·Obtaining More Information on SELinux Chapter 25: Securing Linux on a Network  ·Auditing Network Services ·Evaluating access to network services with nmap ·Using nmap to audit your network services advertisements ·Controlling access to network services ·Working with Firewalls ·Understanding firewalls ·Implementing firewalls ·Starting with firewalld ·Understanding the iptables utility ·Using the iptables utility Part VI: Extending Linux into the Cloud Chapter 26: Using Linux for Cloud Computing ·Overview of Linux and Cloud Computing ·Cloud hypervisors (aka compute nodes) ·Cloud controllers ·Cloud storage ·Cloud authentication ·Cloud deployment and configuration ·Cloud platforms ·Trying Basic Cloud Technology ·Setting Up a Small Cloud ·Configuring hypervisors ·Step 1: Get Linux software ·Step 2: Check your computers ·Step 3: Install Linux on hypervisors ·Step 4: Start services on the hypervisors ·Step 5: Edit /etc/hosts or set up DNS ·Configuring storage ·Step 1: Install Linux software ·Step 2: Configure NFS share ·Step 3: Start the NFS service ·Step 4: Mount the NFS share on the hypervisors ·Creating virtual machines ·Step 1: Get images to make virtual machines  ·Step 2: Check the network bridge  ·Step 3: Start Virtual Machine Manager (virt-manager)  ·Step 4: Check connection details ·Step 5: Create a new virtual machine ·Managing virtual machines ·Migrating virtual machines ·Step 1: Identify other hypervisors ·Step 2: Migrate running VM to another hypervisor Chapter 27: Deploying Linux to the Cloud  ·Getting Linux to Run in a Cloud ·Creating Linux Images for Clouds ·Configuring and running a cloud-init cloud instance ·Investigating the cloud instance ·Cloning the cloud instance ·Trying an Ubuntu cloud image ·Expanding your cloud-init configuration ·Adding ssh keys with cloud-init ·Adding network interfaces with cloud-init ·Adding software with cloud-init ·Using cloud-init in enterprise computing ·Using OpenStack to Deploy Cloud Images ·Starting from the OpenStack Dashboard  ·Configuring your OpenStack virtual network ·Configuring keys for remote access ·Launching a virtual machine in OpenStack ·Accessing the virtual machine via ssh ·Using Amazon EC2 to Deploy Cloud Images Part VII: Appendixes ·Appendix A: Media ·Appendix B: Exercise Answers Index


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